Dubrovnik, formerly known as the Republic of Ragusa, is a town in southern Croatia on the Adriatic.
The city is often referred to as "Pearl of the Adriatic" and "Croatian Athens" due to its cultural importance and the centuries-long special political position.
In 1979 the entire old town was included in the list of World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.
Dubrovnik is today the administrative seat of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County (Croatian Dubrovačko-Neretvanska županija) and seat of the Catholic Diocese of Dubrovnik.
The city has about 43,000 inhabitants. The city of Dubrovnik was one of the centers in the history of the development of Croatian language and literature. Numerous important Croatian poets, artists, scholars, mathematicians and physicists come from this city. Dubrovnik can also be described as a cultural center of Croatia today.
For centuries, Dubrovnik was an independent city republic, which maintained trade relations with large parts of South-East Europe and the Mediterranean.
In addition to the name of the city, the motto "Libertas" (lat. Freedom) is still highlighted. Today, this name is found in the theme of the Dubrovnik Festival for Music and Theater. Famous is the legendary saying, when the Ottomans wanted to occupy the city, which is characterized by a pronounced and forward-looking freedom understanding of the inhabitants.
In the words of their poet, Ivan Gundulić, the inhabitants of Croatia (Dubrovnik, Dubrovcani) declared: "For all the gold in this world, we will not sell our freedom.")